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BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 QQQQ 06548 213 3 



BOSTON CELEBRATES JULY '-j6 




BOSTON 
PUBLIC 
LIBRARY 




4 




The July 4th mood was light and happv along the Charles River Esplanade as hundreds of thousands awaited 
Fiedler and the fireworks. Photo by ROBERT DI NAT ALE, Seagull Corp. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/bostoncelebratesOObost_0 



BOSTON CELEBRATES 



Sponsored jointly by 
BOSTON 200, OFFICE OF THE BOSTON BICENTENNIAL, KEVIN H. WHITE, Mayor 



AND 

BOSTON'S FOURTH OF JULY, INC., DAVID G. MUGAR, Executive Producer 




PUBLISHED BY ADDISON HOUSE 




BOSTON CELEBRATES JULY ' 7 6 

PRODUCED BY BOSTON 200 

Project Director: HOWARD KAYE, JR. 
Editor: VIRGINIA RIDGELY 
Designer: JUDITH ZIEGLER 
Consultant: LEWIS A. CARTER, JR. 

The creation of this book was made possible through 
the generosity of the following: The Associated Press, 
The Boston Globe. Boston Herald American and Sun- 
dav Advertiser, The Boston Phoenix, The British Con- 
sulate (Boston), CBS News, The Christian Science 
Monitor, Eastern Gas and Fuel Associates, The Huene- 
feld Company, John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance 
Company, Operation Sail Boston 1976, The Real Paper, 
Seagull Corporation, Star Systems Photo Services, 
United Press International, United States Coast Guard, 
United States Information Agency, United States 
Navy, WCVB-TV, W illiam Brett, Douglas Bruce, 
Frederick G. S. Clow, Harron Ellenson, Arthur Fied- 
ler. Lou Jones, C. Peter Jorgensen, Katharine D. Kane, 
Walter Muir Whitehill. 

Photographs credited to Seagull Corporation appearing 
in the Esplanade section have been excerpted from the 
film, "America 200," to be released in 1977, and are 
reproduced courtesy of Seagull Corporation, Welles- 
lev, Massachusetts, producer. 



4 



Proceeds from the sale of this book realized by Boston 
200 and Boston's Fourth of July, Inc., both non-profit 
corporations, will be used to support visitor service and 
environmental improvement programs in the city initi- 
ated during the Bicentennial bv Boston 200 as well as 
Boston's annual Fourth of July Esplanade program. 

Copyright © The Boston 200 Corporation and Boston's 
Fourth of July, Inc. 1976. All rights reserved, including 
the right to reproduce this book or portions thereof in 
any form. 

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 76-47162 
ISBN: 0-89169-01 1-5 (Paperback) ; 0-89 1 69-0 1 0-7 
(Cloth) 

Distribution of all trade editions handled exclusively by 
Addison House, Morgan's Run, Danbury, New Hamp- 
shire 03230. 

Printed by Thomas Todd Company 



CONTENTS 

July 4th The Esplanade 8 

July 10th The Tall Ships 36 

July 11th The Queen's Visit 68 

This book chronicles three extraordinary happenings in Boston, Massachusetts, during July 1976. It does so 
principally through photographs. Portions of news media accounts have been chosen as the main source of 
accompanying text for they were a prominent element in Boston's very human experience during July 4-1 1. 



5 



To the people of Boston in celebration of 
their transcendent spirit in July 1 976. 



INTRODUCTION 

Boston never looked more beautiful than it 
did on the nation's 200th birthday and the mood 
of this city outmatched the weather as one of 
the most massive crowds ever seen in Boston gath- 
ered to prove to themselves and the nation that 
happiness, kindness and hope for the common 
future transcend the troubles that have been so 
widely publicized here 

History has a special place in this city but 
history was made anew Sunday night as 400,000 
people joined together, shoulder to shoulder, back 
to back, to share in the expression of love and 
faith for this city and this country. Old and 
young, black and white, natives and foreigners 
found the?nselves swept away by a mood of joy 
in the grassy, beer-scented, gunpowdery night. It 
was patriotism at its very best; tolerant, natural 
and infinitely sweet. 

Editorial, The Boston Globe, July 1 , 1916 

The arrival of the Tall Ships and the visit 
of Great Britain's monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, 
kept alive the spirit of celebration that has so dra- 
matically lifted our old and troubled city since 
the Fourth of July 



Ships much like these, only smaller and more 
frail, were the expression of the courage that car- 
ried the colonists across the ocean. But they were 
also the embodiment of the sense of craft, the 
sense of beauty and style and discipline that made 
it possible to dream of making the journey in the 
first place. 

The parade of those ships behind the U.S.S. 
Constitution . . . was unforgettable. So was the 
mood of calm and order so evident among those 
who watched, as though the virtues the ships rep- 
resented were happily infectious 

It was as if the entire city — at least for a 
weekend — had remembered what it really is, be- 
yond the anger and discord that flaw so many of 
its moments. 

The queen, one suspects, had more than a 
little to do with our good manners. Two hundred 
years ago, her ancestor, George III, was the ty- 
rant who would have stifled American freedom 
in its cradle. Now, Queen Elizabeth comes, and 
gently reminds us that our country and hers are 
linked as "free people and friends" to defend the 
ideals of the American Revolution, and that it was 
here, in Boston, that those ideals took root. She 
reminded us, by her presence, of ourselves. 

Editorial, The Boston Globe, July 12, 1916 



7 




8 



July 4th 



The Esplanade 

More than 400,000 persons — the largest 
crowd for any event in Boston history — gath- 
ered along the banks of the Charles River last 
night to conclude the day-long celebration of 
America's Bicentennial with an evening of Tchai- 
kovsky, patriotic song and a gigantic fireworks 
display. 

Organizers of the event had anticipated a 
crowd of more than 200,000, but hours before the 
concert began it was apparent that the turnout 
would be much larger. As early as 1 pm, Metro- 
politan District Comr. John F. Snedeker estimated 
50,000 people were awaiting the finale. Close to a 
quarter of a million were there by suppertime. . . . 

Nearly 1200 aerial shells — double last year's 
number — lit the clear skies over the Esplanade 
as Arthur Fiedler and the Boston Symphony Or- 
chestra played the 1812 Overture and "Stars and 
Stripes Forever" to the accompaniment of church 
bells and a cannonade of howitzers 

At 8:30 pm, almost on schedule, Fiedler gave 
a downbeat, to the incredible sound of 800,000 
hands clapping. Loudspeakers placed along the 
river bank brought the music to people for whom 
the Hatch Shell was a supposition. 



There were people on roofs, on balconies, 
looking out windows along Beacon Street. The 
sound echoed off the new John Hancock building 
in the Back Bay area. Some little children cried, 
and parents cradled them in their arms. Other 
youngsters sat on adult shoulders, clapping 
ecstatically , as the harlequin showers exploded 
over their heads 

It was a peaceful, relaxed group, and ap- 
peared to be a cross-section of the Boston-area 
population. There were old people, families with 
children and picnic baskets, and youths in cut-offs 
and halter tops 

"Why are we here?" mused Susan Sheehan 
of Boston early in the afternoon as she sat with 
her husband and three children. "Because, how 
many times does this country have a 200th birth- 
day? You know, my kids will remember today for 
as long as they live, and so will I. 

"It's not just the music or the fireworks," 
she added. "It's being part of it all." 
WILLIAM B. HAMILTON, The Boston Globe 

July 5, 1916 



9 




Above: Photo by THURMAN 
TOON, Seagull Corp. 
Below: Photo by JOSEPH 
GADOURY, Seagull Corp. 




Above: Photo by JOSEPH 
GADOURY, Seagull Corp. 
Below: Photo by STEPHEN A. 
KNAPP, Seagull Corp. 



Photo by PETER MAIN, The Christian Science 
Monitor. 



This year about $125,000 and 400 workers 
are going to deliver the Bicentennial to Boston 
with a symphony orchestra, a brass band, eight 
steeple bells, jive or six 105mm. howitzers, fire- 
works ( including . . . 200 titanium salutes, which 
are brilliant white flashes that make big booms, 
that are to be fired in 20 seconds ) — AND live 
national television coverage by CBS News, special 
MBTA trains and trolleys, ambulances and first- 
aid stations, trash bags and ( maybe ) dwnpsters, 
crowd aides with walkie-talkies, johnny -on-the- 
spots, barricades, telephones, cables, sound 
trucks . . . 

CHRISTINA ROBB, The Boston Globe, 

July 1,1916 



11 




12 



Bv late afternoon a quarter million Bicentennial celebrants were bask 
in the sun. Photo by JOSEPH GADOURY, Seagull Corp. 



The signs of Fourth of July celebration were 
the same as in years gone by. . . . But it wasn't the 
same. There was something special in the air, an 
essence of times past and future. It was America! s 
200th birthday, and of course everybody knew it. 
So hours before Arthur Fiedler, the Boston Sy?n- 
phony Orchestra and three barges of fireworks 
ever got near the Charles River Esplanade, a 
quarter of a million people were waiting. 

MARGUERITE DEL GIUDICE, 
The Boston Globe, July 5, 1916 



Thousands lay on blankets sunning while 
others sat in folding chairs. Families ate picnic 
lunches from coolers countless fathers had lugged 
in. Shirtless young men with their bikini-attired 
lady friends drank beer and smoked 7/iarijitana, 
while Back Bay dowagers looking elegant in their 
straw hats sat next to them, watching with both 
bemused and uncomprehending expressions. 

The cooling sea-breeze-borne fog, which cut 
the sun and warmth at the Esplanade by mid- 
afternoon, did not begin to nibble away at the 
casual, soft mood of the city. It was a day for the 
people. 

ROBERT J. ROSENTHAL and 
JERRY TAYLOR, The Boston Globe, 

July 5, 1916 



15 



As hundreds of boats stand by in the Charles River, the people at Boat Landing 2 wait patiently for Maestro 
Fiedler. Photo by THURMAN TOON, Seagull Corp. 



16 




Above and below: Photos by THURMAN TOON, 
Seagull Corp. 



Above: Photo by STEPHEN A. KNAPP, Seagull Corp. 
Below: Photo by JOSEPH GADOURY, Seagull Corp. 



17 




1 8 




19 



Nearly every aspect of the celebration — from the fireworks and cannons to police, first aid, and television 
coverage— was coordinated from the Operations Center on the roof of 100 Beacon Street. Photo by WILLIAM 
F. BRETT. 



20 



As dark fell, it was standing room only in front of the Hatch Shell. Photo by STEPHEN A. KNAPP, Seagull 
Corp. 



21 



. . . perhaps "overplanning" was the key to making 
this years Bicentennial program . . . a fun time for 
most people. 

Sunday Herald Advertiser, July 11, 1916 



22 



1. Power lines — MDC; 2. Power lines — Edison 
... 5. Barges and tow boat . . . 10. Write President 
Ford . . . 14. New grid maps of entire lower basin 
. . . 17. Call Channel 5 weather; 18. Call Army; 19. 
Establish boat perimeters; 20. Establish parking 
plan . . .22. Fire detail to supervise fireworks; 23. 
Lumber and sandbags for fireworks, also washtubs 
. . .30. Contact neighborhood associations in Back 
Bay . . .33. Call Bill Busiek regarding bells . . .36. 
Call Commissioner Snedeker regarding toilets . . . 
41. Earplugs for everyone on walkie-talkie chan- 
nels; 4-8. Arrange for second channel to talk just 
to John Henning and the guns from the roof . . . 
50. Place all police on a grid map by name . . . 55. 
Mock up program book; 56. Buy beer; 57. Get 
coolers . . . 61 . Get rain covers for equipment on 
roof ... 77. Buy 100 yards of Vz inch rope for 
general purposes; 12. Arrange Bosto?i Police pick- 
tip and delivery of Fiedler . . .18. Arrange for 
press conference facility ...80. Contact . . . 



Creating a party for 400,000 is a lot of work. Here is a 
sample of the tasks outlined in a March 1976 memo re- 
garding plans for the July 4th bash. 



Above: The great celebration received extensive media coverage, including live 
broadcasts by CBS-TV network news and WCVB-TV (Channel 5). Photo by 
THURMAN TOON, Seagull Corp. Below: Arthur Fiedler listens to police 
communications at the Operations Center, 100 Beacon Street. Photo by WIL- 
LIAM F. BRETT. 




Members of the Boston Symphony Esplanade Orchestra warm up for the festivities. Photo by ROBERT DI 
NA TALE, Seagull Corp. ' 



24 



The show is on! Photo by STEPHEN A. KNAPP, Seagull Corp. 



Arthur Fiedler leads 400,000 people in a patriotic sing-along. Photo by ROBERT DIN AT ALE, Seagull Corp. 



26 



As Arthur Fiedler raised the baton and the 
first strains of the "Star Spangled Banner" were 
played the vast audience arose, not abruptly like 
on military command but in waves like a church's 
congregation at the start of the processional. 

It was not like Fenway Park or Boston Gar- 
den where the crowd struggles to its feet, mum- 
bles a few lines of the nation's anthem, and waits 
impatiently for what passes as singing to end so 
the game can start. 

Probably the fact that most of the crowd 
were provided with lyric sheets helped, but I was 
stunned by the massed voices rising through the 
clouds of smoke, a sound later described by one 
person watching fro?n a Beacon Street apartment 
balcony as "awesomely moving." 

I developed a lump in my throat that grew 
larger until when the throng sang "The Battle 
Hymn of the Republic," I could not speak, let 
alone sing. 

JAMES B. AYRES, The Boston Globe, 

July 9,1916 



Joy ind exultation become the glorious Fourth. Photo by ROBERT DI NAT ALE, Seagull Corp. 



28 




by ROBERT DI NAT ALE, Seagull Corp. 



Three barges anchored in the Charles River fired a total of 1,198 aerial shells as 
the grand finale to Boston's spectacular day. Photo by BARTH J. FALKEN- 
BERG, The Christian Science Monitor. 




America's first 200 years end with the boom and flash of fireworks over the Charles River. UPl Photo. 



31 




It was a late hut happy night for the Americans whose futures stretch deep into their country's third century. 
Photo by ROBERT DI NA TALE. Seagull Corp. 



32 



We have not finished playing, or fighting, or 
aging, or learning, or exercising the particular 
cruelties of the human condition, or suffering and 
dying. To have gotten to this evening marks us as 
having endured, heroically or passively, but unde- 
niably. In the crowd grown men and women 
wept, small children were for moments awed to 
silence. "My God," a women near me said. u My 
God, my God." . . . 

The senses focus to the exhilarating certainty 
that in the lifetimes of all of us . . . there will not 
again occur this awesome confluence of spectacle, 
reflection, historical climax, patriotism. If 400,000 
were on the Esplanade or across the Charles, 
surely millions will claim as parents or grandpar- 
ents in the coining generations to have been here 
and, in one sense, they were. Tor this single shout 
by an incomprehensibly diverse people has not 
been raised since the end of the last great war. And 
here there was no victory to celebrate, but rather 
the pluck and persistence . . . and durability. 



We are an unfinished nation, yes. The fire- 
works would later roar above the wail of sirens, 
the destruction of lives and property that before 
and after this night ?nore accurately describe 
where we are. But it was fair and probably impor- 
tant to isolate this night from the times and 
troubles that surround it. To be there, to have 
struggled for space in the nuddle of a crowd that 
was exactly that, and not a mob, was to have felt 
for the fleeting night a kinsmanship — with insti- 
tutions, with heritage, with each other as people. 
MIKE TAIBBI, WCVB-TV, July 5, 1916 



33 



The 1 8 1 2 Overture concludes with the roar of cannons and with crystal gevsers of sparkling fireworks. Photo 
by C. PETER JORGENSEN. 



35 




Silhouetted by the morning sun, the U.S.S. Constitution moves out Boston Harbor to take her place at the head 
of the tall ships parade. UPl Photo. 



36 



July 10th 



The Tall Ships 

As hundreds of thousands looked on from 
land, sea and air a spectacular -fleet of the world's 
most majestic vessels sailed into Boston Harbor 
yesterday to pay tribute to this historic city and 
the revolution for liberty it helped launch 200 
years ago. 

It was a day to remember: 

The 6-mile parade of sailing vessels that be- 
gan with the U.S.S. Constitution, "Old Iron- 
sides," going to sea and firing her cannons for the 
first time in 100 years. 

The four Tall Ships from foreign ports with 
their intricate, towering rigging, their crews in 
white high aloft. 

The 64 smaller sailing vessels from 19 coun- 
tries, sails and spinnakers filled with wind. They 
went on and on for nearly four hours before 
finally reaching their harborside berths. 

From rooftops and piers, aboard thousands 
of pleasure boats lining the harbor, the spectators 
cheered and whistled, sang patriotic songs and 
took countless pictures, awed by a scene reminis- 
cent of Boston's days of glory when mighty clip- 
per ships filled the harbor. 

It was a glorious day, sunny with a cloudless 
expanse of blue overhead. Moving with a gentle 



east wind, their gleaming hulls and masts like 
ghosts of an age gone by, the ships glided across 
the dappled waters. 

Anchored on each side were thousands of 
spectator craft, from party boats jammed with 
people and listing sharply to starboard, to luxuri- 
ous cabin cruisers, to simple Boston whalers and 
rubber rafts, they blew whistles, honked horns 
and sounded sirens. 

All along the way, on the edge of Logan 
Airport and the rock shores of Castle Island, in the 
apartments at Harbor Towers and along the 
waterfront, the spectators massed. In all there 
were 650,000 of them 

"Wonderful, absolutely wonderful" said 
Tom Hamilton, a Cohasset real estate broker and 
sailing buff who viewed the marine parade from a 
waterfront restaurant. "This is a once in a lifetime 
event." . . . 

Although the Tall Ships parade is now but a 
memory, the sailing ships will stay in Boston 
through Thursday. Open to the public, most of 
them will be berthed at the Boston Army Base. 

MARIA KARAGIANIS and 
ARTHUR JONES, The Boston Sunday Globe, 

July 11,1976 



37 




Long Island offers a superb panorama of harbor, ships, and skyline. Photo by JACK SHERMAN. 



39 



It was a niad, merry, blissful day. The 
weather was summertime sweet, mid along the 
waterfront, on the harbor islands and aboard the 
boats anchored in the bay, Bostonians savored that 
Bicentennial sense of well-being that has lingered 
over the city for the past week 

It was a day to stand at the edge of the water 
and let your senses do the work. You could taste 
the salt air, see the stunning square riggers, hear 
the pop of the cannons, enjoy the warmth of the 
midday sun and feel the caress of a steady, 14- 
mile-an-hour wind from the south-southeast. 

It was impossible not to be caught up in the 
romance of sailing, the timelessness of marts at- 
tempt to harmonize the character and quality of a 
ship with the demands of wind and water. 

The ships themselves looked like Winslow 
Homer paintings and formed an ever changing 
backdrop to the men, women and children who 
lined the shore, watched life sail by and dreamed 
of a day long ago when ships were wooden and 
men were iron. 

JACK THOMAS, The Boston Sunday Globe, 

July 11,1976 



40 



One of the most popular vessels in the en- 
tire parade — fudging from crowd reaction as she 
left her berth and cruised out to the waiting tall 
ships — was the black-hulled frigate Constitution. 

Like a stately dowager in black escorted by 
two young men at her elbows, "Old Ironsides^ 
glided out the harbor with tugs at each side. Just 
off President Roads, adjacent to Deer Island, one 
of the tugs pulled away and the Constitution, 
with the Polish full-rigged ship Dar Pomorza 
close astern, did a slow spin and took up her place 
at the head of the procession. 

As she swept grandly past Long Island and 
Castle Island — packed so tightly with humanity 
that some aboard the Constitution wondered if 
the islands themselves might sink — cannons in the 
bow below on the gundeck alternately cracked 
out a salute every 60 seconds. 

JAK MINER, The Christian Science Monitor, 

July 12, 1916 



Firing her guns in salute at one minute intervals, the U.S.S. Constitution (extreme right) leads the full-rigged 
ship Dar Pomorza into Boston Harbor. Photo by GORDON N. CONVERSE, The Christian Science Monitor. 



41 




Surrounded bv an armada of spectator boats and escort ships, Juan Sebastian de Elcano looms from the haze 
.is a ghostly image of grace and grandeur. Photo by JOHN ROACH, United States Naval Reserve. 



42 




It could he the War of 1812, when Constitution (right) earned her nickname "Old Ironsides," but actually it's 
the best of celebrations. Photo by JOHN ROACH, United States Naval Reserve. 



43 



/// 100 years, some celebrating group will 
send . . . 7 lis and DC 10s to land at Logan Airport, 
and a million people will gather and weep for the 
glory of silver bygone wings. But this year it's 
ships 

CHRISTINA ROBB, The Boston Globe, 

July 8, 1916 



The waterfront resembled a fairground yes- 
terday as tens of thousands of persons climbed 
on cars, bridges, roofs, peered from windows and 
stood scores deep for a glimpse of the majestic 
Tall Ships parade. 

National Guard Sgt. Matthew OWlalley of 
Beverly . . . said he had planned to be out on his 
19 -foot boat with his family to greet the armada 
until he was called up for duty Friday. 

"We haven't had a single problem at all this 
morning. The people are in a real festive mood. 
Everyone is being great so we are able to enjoy it 
also," he said. 

JIM CONNOLLY and ALEX MACPHAIL, 
Sunday Herald Advertiser, July 11, 1916 




Photo by ANGELA KALOVENTZOS, Boston 



Herald America?!. 



44 




People stood, sat, squatted, perched, clung, and climbed onto, into, over, under, and around every inch of 
Boston waterfront — here, Long Wharf — to see Operation Sail '76. Photo by STANLEY FORMAN , Boston 
Herald American. 



45 



High aloft in a wide blue sky. Photo by YOLANDA PULLI, United States Navy. 



46 




Tugboats gently turn Poland's Dar Pomorza toward her Boston berth. Photo by GREGORY HAAS, United 
States Navy. 



47 



Brick-red sails distinguish Lindo, a three-masted topsail scho- 
oner from the British West Indies. Photo by KEVIN 
COLE, Boston Herald American. 



Three masts rigged with square sails plus a series of 
triangular jib and staysails stretched between the masts 
make Dar Pomorza a "full-rigged" ship. Photo by TED 
GARTLAND, Boston Herald American. 



49 



Some background on the tall ships . . . 

The 298-ft. Dar Pomorza, a square-rigger 
fro?/i Poland, was built in Germany in 1909. After 
World War I she was turned over to France, 
where she remained until 1929, when the town of 
Pomorze in Poland bought the ship and gave her 
to Poland's Nautical College 

The largest of the ships, the 352-ft. four- 
mast topsail schooner Juan Sebastian de Elcano 
from Spain, was built in 1921 and is one of the few 
training ships to have sailed around the world. 

Norway's 241-ft. full-rigged Christian Rad- 
ich was launched in 1931, after being built for the 
Christiania Schoolship Association. In 1938 she 
represented Norway at the World's Fair in New 
York, but was taken over by the Norwegian 
Navy when she returned home in 1939. The 
Nazis seized her when the naval base was invaded 
in April of 1940, and used her as a depot station 
for submarines stationed in northern waters. 

Sagres II, Portugal's 298-ft. three-masted 
bark, was built in Germany in 1931 . . . . She was 
used to train German midshipmen, but, after be- 
ing taken by the United States following World 
I \ ' ar II, she was assigned to Brazil for the training 
o) Naval cadets. Portugal bought the ship in 1961; 
currently she is used to train cadets for the Portu- 
guese Navy Commissions. 

BRENDA PAYTON, The Boston Phoenix, 

July 4,1916 




Sailors on the deck of Sagres II salute cheering throngs 
of spectators, while aloft in the rigging their mates furl 
sails. Photo by GORDON N. CONVERSE, The 
Christian Science Monitor. 



50 




51 



[American clipper ship] architects, like poets 
who transmute nature's message into song, obeyed 
what wind and wave had taught them, to create 
the noblest of all saili?ig vessels, and the most 
beautiful creations of man in America. With no 
extraneous ornament except a figurehead, a bit 
of carving and a few lines of gold leaf, their one 
purpose of speed over the great ocean routes was 
achieved by perfect balance of spars and sails to 
the curving lines of the smooth black hull; and this 
harmony of mass, form and color was practiced to 
the ?misic of dancing waves and of brave winds 
whistling in the rigging. These were our Gothic 
cathedrals, our Parthenon; but monuments carved 
from snow. For a few brief years they flashed their 
splendor around the world, then disappeared with 
the finality of the wild pigeon. 

SAMUEL ELIOT MORRISON, quoted by 
GEORGE WILL, The Boston Globe, 

July 6, 1916 




An aerial view of Dar Pomorza. Photo by STANLEY FORM AN, Boston Herald American. 



54 




Many among the estimated 200,000 people on Castle Island (foreground) camped overnight to stake out the 
best viewing spots. Photo by DA VID RYAN, The Boston Globe. 



55 




Patient faces belie the wait on Long Island. Photo by JACK SHERMAN. 



56 




On duty at Boston Army base, a mounted policeman and friend watch over the ships and their visitors. Photo 
by GEXE DIXON, Boston Herald American. 



58 



Swarming on decks, poking in cabins and 
sometimes just staring in wonderment, people by 
the tens of thousands inspected the Tall Ships 
yesterday ajid were thrilled by what they saw. 

All through the sunny afternoon a steady 
stream of people flowed down Summer Street and 
into the Boston Army Base, where the ships are 
berthed. By the end of the day, police were esti- 
mating that 850,000 people had seen the ships. 

WILLIAM B. HAMILTON, 
The Boston Globe, July 12, 1916 



Above and left: A forest of masts and spars dwarfs the 
thousands of visitors who came to see the tall ships at 
rest. Photo above by ULRIKE WELSCH, The Boston 
Globe. Photo left by PETER MAIN, The Christian 
Science Monitor. 



59 



Berthed tall ships transform Boston into the city it was 100 years ago. Photo by GEORGE DOW. 



60 




Above and right: Naval cadets from Juan Sebastian de Photo left by YOLANDA PULLl, United States 
Elcano almost always turned out in dress uniform while Navy. Photo above by JACK CONNOLLY, Eastern 
in port. Gas and Fuel Associates. 



61 




62 




Photo by PETER MAIN, The Christian Science 
Monitor. 



63 



Humberto Cardinal Madeiros meets the crew of Sagres 
II, before saying Mass and being awarded the Cross of 
the Order of Prince Henry the Navigator by the chief 
of staff of the Portuguese Navy. AP Photo. 




Above: Sightseers clamber about Norway's Christian 
Radich. Photo by ULRIKE WELSCH, The Boston 
Globe. Below: Photo by GENE DIXON, Boston 
Herald American. 




Brief Dictionary of Sailorcsc 

AFLOAT - Floating 

AGROUND - Stuck in the mud 

ANCHOR — The big hunk of metal that pre- 
vents the boat from drifting away 

BAR — A small piece of land like a little island 
which boats frequently hit 

BERTH — A bed on a boat; a parking space at a 
pier 

BILGE — Something like the cellar of a boat 
BOATER — A straw hat, not a gent who sails a 
boat 

BRISTOL FASHION — First class condition 

like a used car drive?! only on Sundays by an 

old lady with a light foot 
BUNK — A bed on the boat and some of the 

stories sailors tell 
BUOY — So?nething floating in the water as the 

equivalent of a direction sign 
CHART - A road map 
SALOON — The living room on the boat 
SPINNAKER — The large balloon-shaped sail 

that sticks out in front of the boat making for a 

very pregnant look 
TACKLE — The gizmos the crew pidl to make 

the sails work right 
UNDER WAY — Means the boat isn't tied to 

the pier anymore and she's moving 
LEEWARD — The opposite from windward 

and the side to be on if you get seasick 

The Boston Globe, July 9,1916 



65 




Her Most Excellent Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace 
of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern 
Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of 
the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith watches the parade 
held in her honor at Faneuil 1 fall. Photo by DAVID RYAN, The 
Boston Globe. 



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July 11th 

The Queen s Visit 

Queen Elizabeth II made up for the tyrannical 
reputation of her great-great-great-great-grand- 
father, King George III, yesterday: she made 
friends with Boston. 

She was the first reigning British monarch to 
visit the cradle of liberty, where the reason and 
rhetoric of the American Revolution were born 
200 years ago, and she completed what had seemed 
an unfinished chapter in history. 

The irony of that history was made sweet by 
the Bicentennial flavor of the day-long royal visit. 

A 21 -gun welcome salute to Her Majesty's 
Yacht Britannia was fired from Old Ironsides, 
which earned its fame in the War of 1812 against 
the British. Services, with the queen in the con- 
gregation, were held in Old North Church, where 
sexton Robert Newman hung two lanterns in the 
spire the night of April 18, 1115, to signal com- 
patriot Paul Revere. 

The British were coming again yesterday . 

To see them, tens of thousands of spectators 

lined the streets winding around City Hall Plaza, 

the hot, afternoon scene of marching bands and 

Revolutionary -era militias too numerous to count. 

It was a spectacle. 

The crowd was waiting to see the Queen of 

England, a living symbol of history in this historic 

year. 

MARGUERITE DEL GIUDICE, 
The Boston Globe, July 12, 1916 



The itinerary for the royal visit to Boston in- 
cluded: 9:20 am — twenty -one-gun salute by 
U.S.S. Constitution as HMY Britannia entered 
Boston Harbor; 10:30 am — welcoming cere- 
monies at Boston Coast Guard Base; 10:45 am — 
Sunday morning worship at Old North Church; 
noon — commemorative ceremony at Old State 
House with Mayor White, poet David McCord, 
historian Walter Muir Whitehill, Her Majesty, 
and Handel and Haydn Society participating; 
12:40 pm — reception and luncheon in City Hall; 
12:55-2:35 pm — entertainment for the public on 
City Hall Plaza; 2:40 pm — walk to Samuel 
Adams Park from City Hall; 2:55 pm — review 
of a parade of Revolutionary -era militia troops; 
3:20 pm — motorcade tour of Beacon Hill and 
Back Bay; 3:50 pm — tour of U.S.S. Constitution; 
6 pm — reception aboard Britannia; 1:30 pm — 
departure for Canada. 



69 



With die royal couple aboard, HMY (Her Majesty's Yacht) Britannia cruises toward Boston. Photo by LOU 
/ONES. 



70 



Today is the day Queen Elizabeth II and 
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, pay a Bicen- 
tennial visit to Boston. 

The checklist . . . has been gone over dozens 
of times. The parade and motorcade routes have 
been secured. The Old North Church is sparkling 
clean. The cranberry soup is chilling. 

For the Boston 200 staff, today is the culmi- 
nation of six months of hard work. For the people 
of Boston, it is an opportunity to witness a historic 
occasion — the first visit of a reigning British 
monarch to Boston. 
VI( )LA OSGOOD, The Boston Sunday Globe, 

July 11,1976 




Queen Elizabeth II, sixty-third in a monarchy stretch- 
ing back ten centuries, steps ashore at the Boston Coast 
Guard Base and is greeted by Massachusetts Governor 
Michael Dukakis. Prince Philip follows down the gang- 
plank. UPI Photo. 



~2 



The queen and her consort disembark Britanni 
by WENDY MAEDA. 



Her schedule is so packed only a queen could 
be expected to fill all of it and still act like a queen. 
Little did her great-great-great-great-grandfather 
George III know what his descendant would be 
doing two centuries hence. On July 4, 1776, he 
entered this in his diary: "Nothing of importance 
happened today T 

CLAYTON JONES, 
The Christian Science Monitor, July 8, 1976 



73 



An epic outpouring of warmth and enthusiasm greets Queen Elizabeth 
in the North End — as everywhere in Boston. Photo by LOU JONES. 




75 



Boston, indeed, was readied for royalty. 
North End mothers had taken their wet wash 
from clotheslines flanking the motorcade's route. 
Brass railings were polished and flagpoles painted. 
Storeowners flew the King's colors— an act which 
200 years ago would have had them tarred and 
tagged Tories. Pamphlets on the Royal Family, 
the Crown Jewels, and the Tower of London had 
temporarily nudged best-selling paperbacks by 
Jimmy Carter and Elizabeth Ray from the display 
windows of downtown bookstores. 

As was only fitting and proper in a Sabbath 
day visit to a city founded as a u Bible Common- 
wealth^ in the New World wilderness, the first 
stop was morning worship in Boston's Old North 
Church. 

STEWART DILL MCBRIDE, 
The Christian Science Monitor, July 12, 1916 



We are more deeply indebted to her for the 
less visible, intangible qualities of her reign, for 
her quiet, resolute devotion to duty and family 
and country and for the example of grace, dignity 
and civility which she has so superbly set for over 
the years, and not only for her subjects. 

Queens and kings were, of course, the original 
celebrities. Now celebrities are legion, and the 
distinctions among fame, celebrity and notoriety 
are blurred. We have Mick Jagger, Hie Nastase, 
Lenny Bruce, Idi Amin, Louise Lasser, Wayne 
Hays, Bella Abzug and the ghosts of Marilyn 
Monroe and Howard Hughes. 

But we also have had, God bless her, the 
Queen of England, a thread of fine gold in the 
often shoddy fabric of our unruly times. Through 
the war, the dissolution of empire, the deteriora- 
tioji of standards of conduct and hard economic 
realities, this woman has been serene, confident, 
competent and utterly respectable. 

It cannot have been easy. And it has been 
done, in the opinion of this presumptuous Ameri- 
can and a great many others, extraordinarily well. 

DAVID B.WILSON, 
The Boston Sunday Globe, July 11, 1916 



16 




Above: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip participate 
in the Sunday morning service at Old North Church. 
Photo by LOU JONES. Below: Following the service, 
The Rev. Robert W. Golledge presents Her Majesty 
with a replica of a silver chalice made by Paul Revere. 
UPI Photo. 




Above: Inside at Old North Church. UPI Photo. 
Below: Escorted by The Rev. Robert YY. Golledge, 
Queen Elizabeth leaves Old North Church for a walk 
through Paul Revere Mall. UPI Photo. 




78 



A royal portrait from the Old State House. Photo by LOU JONES. 



79 



Her Majesty ~w ye have been very 

Queen Elizabeth II \/\ I moved by the wel- 
jf yf come we have re- 
ceived in this city, particularly since it was here — 
in Boston — that "it all began" and it was not 
many miles from here, at Lexington and Concord, 
that the first shots were fired in the war between 
Britain and America, two hundred and one years 
ago. 

If Paul Revere, Samuel Adams, and other 
patriots could have known that one day a British 
monarch would stand beneath the balcony of the 
Old State House, from which the Declaration of 
Independence was first read to the people of Bos- 
ton and be greeted by the mayor and others in 
such kind and generous words, well — I think 
they would have been extremely surprised! But 
perhaps they would also have been pleased. 
Pleased to know that eventually we came together 
again as free peoples and friends and defended to- 
gether the very ideals for which the American 
Revolution was fought. 

One of the many good things about the Bi- 
centennial celebrations is that they have en- 
couraged us all to brush up onr history. I think we 
can all be grateful, therefore, to Mr. Whitehill 
for the light he has thrown, so eloquently, on the 



relations between our two countries since Boston 
was founded in 1630. It illuminates why our 
ancestors came to be estranged, but also how their 
shared heritage brought them together again. 

One of the ?nost enduring links between us 
has been the English language. Whatever any- 
body may have said, I am qirite sure we are not 
two nations divided by a common language. On 
the contrary, we are most powerfully bound 
together by it! I a?n therefore most grateful to Mr. 
McCord for his graceful poem that puts it so well. 
Between us, the Island people, and Boston, lan- 
guage is the connection. 

Tonight we go to Ca?iada and this is the last 
opportunity I shall have of speaking in the United 
States. W e have enjoyed tremendously joining 
with the people of America in the celebrations of 
the Bicentenary . We are deeply grateful for the 
kindness with which we have been welcomed 
everywhere, not the least here in Boston. 

At the Old North Church last year, your 
President lit a third lantern dedicated to America's 
third century of freedom and to renewed faith in 
the American ideals. 

May its light never be dimmed. 

Address given at the Old State House, 

July 11,1916 



HO 




82 



Protocol Briefing Sheet, The protocol is for place cards always to read 
United States Department of State "Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth //" or U H.M. 

Queen Elizabeth II" and "His Royal Highness 
The Prince Philip" or "H.R.H. The Prince 
Philip." 

When addressing Queen Elizabeth, it is 
"Your Majesty" on first greeting, and afterwards 
"Ma'am." When addressing Prince Philip, it is 
"Your Royal Highness" upon first greeting, and 
afterwards "Sir." 

Toasts should be made by the host simply 
"To the Queen." Queen Elizabeth makes a re- 
sponse toast o?ily to a country'' s chief of state. 





Above: An historic moment during the luncheon at City Hall. Photo by CHARLES DIXON, The 
Boston Globe. Below: It took 7 master chefs to prepare for Her Majesty and 192 guests a Bicenten- 
nial luncheon of chilled cranberry soup, poached yearling silver salmon, cucumbers with dill, cherry 
tomatoes and hearts of Boston lettuce, and fresh berries with kirschwasser. Photo by LOU JONES. 



Parade-watchers in front of Faneuil Hall. Photo by LOU JONES. 




Members of a colonial militia company on W ashington Mall prepare to present colors and curtsy or snap to 
attention for Queen Elizabeth. Photo by LOU JONES. 



85 



After leaving Old State House (background), Mayor Kevin H. White escorts Her Majesty through Washing- 
ton Mall as Col. Vincent J. R. Kehoe (left) and his ioth Regiment of Foot, Chelmsford, form an honor cordon. 
Photo by DA VIDRYAN, The Boston Globe. 



86 




Photo by TED DULLY, The Boston Globe 



. . . from the North End to the Old State 
House to City Hall it was obvious that Bostonians 
responded with genuine warmth to the romance 
or whatever special quality royalty creates. 

Every time the queen smiled or let free one 
of her white gloved hands, barely bending the 
wrist fluttering regal waves, people responded in 
turn with beaming smiles, prolonged applause and 
an occasional American, but very un-British, 
cheer. 

ROBERT ROSENTHAL and NICK KING, 
The Boston Globe, July 12, 1916 



One of the more valid cliches about Ameri- 
cans is that, having forcibly removed themselves 
from the sovereignty of Britain two centuries ago, 
they love nothing better than a British king, ex- 
cept perhaps a queen 

Boston was the big surprise. . . . when it be- 
came evident that neither the city's proud revolu- 
tionary heritage nor its angry Irish had dampened 
the manifestly widespread desire to look at the 
Queen and, if at all possible, take a snapshot of 
her 

Just why people stood in the hot sun . . . was 
never entirely clear. Some people just said they 
were Anglophiles; others just wanted to look at a 
real queen, a little touch of nonpolitical glamour 
in a year of too much politics and too little fun. 
The peculiar royal mixture of solid bourgeois vir- 
tues and anachronistic grandeur that makes the 
Queen as easy to identify with as she is remote — a 
middle-class housewife in a real diamond tiara — 
still retains its appeal in this country where " 'glam- 
our''' is a niass-produced staple. 

The Economist, July 11 ,1916 



87 



The loth Regiment of Foot, Chelmsford, was one of 98 colonial militia companies present to honor Queen 
Elizabeth. Photo by LOU JONES. 



88 




89 



It was during her "walkabout" through the 
Xorth End that a group of people shouted "God 
Save the Queen." 

"Do you suppose they mean any queen?'''' she 
asked. 

"I think not" replied theinayor of Boston. 

She smiled, a smile that those Americans in 
her party later recalled wasn't "a picture s?nile; 
she was really happy." 

Her Royal Majesty, Queen Elizabeth 11 of 
Great Britain, Scotland, Wales and Northern 
Ireland, is a reserved 50-year-old woman who 
understands her duty and does it well. 

But in the city of Boston yesterday, the city 
where, in her own words, the fall of monarchical 
rule over America "all began," Queen Elizabeth, 
like the thousands of people who watched her, had 
a good time. 

She did not speak much — as the guest of 
honor she could listen to others chitchat without 
responding — but she smiled and waved and ogled 
this city and the splendor it turned out yesterday 
with all the gusto of any tourist. 

GARY MCMILLAN, 
The Boston Globe, Jzdy 12,1916 




One of the parade's Revolutionary-era militia groups 
passes an attentive royal couple. UPI Photo. 



90 




There were participants of all ages and costumes of all styles in a parade of Revolutionary-era militia units 
staged for Her Majesty and His Royal Highness in front of Faneuil Hall. Photo by LOU JONES. 



91 




The dav's itinerary w as planned for maximum visibility of Her Majesty by the public; here, accompanied by 
Mayor White, she stops for a chat on Washington Mall. Photo by GREGORY HAAS, United States Navy. 



92 




With Mayor and Mrs. White at her side, Queen Elizabeth enchants the throng on City Hall Plaza. Photo by 
LOU JONES. 



93 



Your Majesty, our city's proud connection — 
Lincolnshire Boston, Massachusetts Boston; 
Saint Botolph as the Patron Saint of people — 
Diminishes all actual miles between us. 
Boston itself in truth was once an island. 
But zcho remains enisled within one language? 
DAVID MCCORD, "Sestina for The Queen" 




Flanked by Commanding Officer Tyrone Martin (left), 
dressed in an 1812 naval uniform, and Secretary of the 
Navy J. William Middendorf (right), Queen Elizabeth 
tours USS Constitution. UPI Photo. 



94 




By error, crewmembers of the destroyer escort HMS 
Eskimo raise the American flag upside down during 
retreat ceremonies, as guests bid farewell to Queen 
Elizabeth and Prince Philip aboard HMY Britannia 
(background). The error was corrected immediately. 
UPI Photo. 




Dr. iVlelnea Cass, veteran community activist from Roxbury, was one of 250 Bostonians attending the late after- 
noon reception aboard Britannia. Later she echoed everyone's feelings bv saying, "the honor of being 
invited to the Queen's house-on-the- water is something I'll never forget." Photo by STAN GROSSFELD, The 
Boston Globe. 



95 




Whenever Queen Elizabeth is aboard, the royal standard flutters from Britannia's mainmast. Photo by LOU 
JONES. 



96